Reader Question – November 29, 2022

A reader writes, “why don’t municipal water providers have back-up generators to avoid boil alerts.” This question is vague but still very interesting. It teaches a very good lesson that sometimes what we think is good community logic  winds up failing miserably when the principles of economics, engineering, and science are applied. The reader’s question implies that that the reason cities issue boil alerts is because they are losing electricity.…

Making Camping Water Safe To Drink

I repeatedly give caution regarding the storage and consumption of non-chlorinated drinking water. In general organisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, algae and more grow readily in water supplies that do not have chlorine dispersed in the water. The EPA Safe Drinking Water act allows for as much as 4 parts per million (ppm) chlorine although most municipal drinking water systems provide an average of 2 – 2 1/2 ppm.…

My War on Green Must Also Become Your War!

Since the beginning of time man has searched for the perfect machine that could run forever and make energy without requiring any input. The allure of such things has attracted both brilliant men and buffoons over the ages. Alas, the first and second laws of thermodynamics dictate that no such machine can exist. The closest approximation to perpetuity we have ever witnessed is of course our sun. However, even the…